Health in Ghana
The Republic of Ghana, formerly the Gold Coast, is a West African country lying on the Gulf of Guinea. It is surrounded (clockwise, from the west) by Côte d’Ivoire, Burkina Faso and Togo.
Ghana has ten regions: Greater Accra, Ashanti, Brong Ahafo, Central, Eastern, Northern, Upper East, Upper West, Volta and Western. After Greater Accra, Ashanti is the most populated region; Upper West, the least populated.
Climate: Tropical; warm and fairly dry in northern areas, hot and humid on the coastal belt. Temperatures usually range between 21°C and 32°C. Annual rainfall varies from 700 mm to 2,150 mm.
In 2007, large parts of West Africa were subject to severe flooding. Ghana was the worst hit with more than 300,000 people made homeless.
Environment: The most significant environmental issues are deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; drought in the north;
poaching and habitat destruction threatening wildlife populations; and water pollution and inadequate supplies of drinking water.
Population: 24,966,000 (2011); 52% lives in urban areas and 17% in urban agglomerations of more than 1 million people;
growth 2.5% p.a. 1990-2011; birth rate 31 per 1,000 people (47 in 1970); life expectancy 64 years (49 in 1970).
The population is predominantly composed of African groups:
Akan (45%) Mole-Dagbani (15%), Ewe (12%), Ga-Adangbe (7%), Guan (4%), Gurma (4%), Grusi (3%) (2000 census). There are very small minorities of other races.
Economy: Ghana is classified as a lower-middle-income economy by the World Bank.
Joined Commonwealth: 1957
Population: 24,966,000 (2011)
GDP per capita growth: 2.5% p.a. 1990–2011
GNI per capita: US$1,410 (2011)
UN HDI 2011 ranking: 135 out of 187 countries
Life expectancy: 64 years (2011)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 78 (2011)
Maternal mortality ratio – reported (per 100,000 live births): 450 (2007–11)
Maternal mortality ratio – adjusted (per 100,000 live births): 350 (2010)
Largest contribution to mortality: Communicable diseases, maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions
HIV prevalence rate for people aged 15–49 years: 2% (2011)
Government health expenditure: 3% of GDP (2010)