Child and maternal health in Namibia
Infant mortality in Namibia stood at 28 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2012, with an under-five mortality rate of 39 deaths per 1,000 live births. As shown in Graph 1, while the under-five mortality figure has fallen since the early 1990s, it is not yet in line with the target of 24 deaths per 1,000 live births, as defined by Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4). In 2010 the three most prominent causes of death for children below the age of five years were prematurity (19 per cent), HIV/AIDS (14 per cent) and pneumonia (12 per cent). Other contributory causes were birth asphyxia (11 per cent), congenital anomalies (nine per cent) and diarrhoea (five per cent). In the period 2007-11, Namibia reported a maternal mortality ratio of 450 deaths per 100,000 live births (this figure was estimated at 200 deaths per 100,000 live births by UN agencies/World Bank in 2010).