Health in The Bahamas
The Commonwealth of The Bahamas is a coral archipelago of around 700 islands and more than 2,000 rocks and cays in the west Atlantic, south-east of the coast of Florida, USA and northeast of Cuba. It straddles the Tropic of Cancer and stretches over 970 km.
Climate: The climate is cooler than other countries in the Caribbean region but still pleasantly mild in winter. Winter temperatures average 21°C, summer temperatures 30°C. Most of the rain (averaging 1,100 mm p.a.) falls in May-June and September-October and there are frequent thunderstorms in summer. The Bahamas islands are subject to hurricanes during June-November.
Environment: The most significant environmental issues are coral reef decay and solid waste disposal.
Population: 347,000 (2011); 67% lives in New Providence, 84% in urban areas; growth 1.4% p.a. 1990-2011; birth rate 15 per 1,000 people (31 in 1970); life expectancy 76 years (66 in 1970).
Bahamians are largely of African (85%), Afro-European and European origin, as the indigenous Arawaks were wiped out.
Economy: The Bahamas is classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank.
Joined Commonwealth: 1973
Population: 347,000 (2011)
GDP per capita growth: 0.7% p.a. 1990–2011
GDP per capita: US$22,431 (2011)
UN HDI 2011 ranking: 53 out of 187 countries
Life expectancy: 76 years (2011)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 16 (2011)
Maternal mortality ratio – adjusted (per 100,000 live births): 47 (2010)
Largest contribution to mortality: Non-communicable diseases
HIV prevalence rate for people aged 15–49 years: 2.8% (2011)
Government health expenditure: 3% of GDP (2010)