Health in Dominica
The Commonwealth of Dominica is one of the Windward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean, lying between Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south.
The climate is subtropical and hot, but cooled by sea breezes, with a rainy season in June-October, when hurricanes may occur. Rainfall is heavy, especially in mountain areas.
The most significant environmental issues are shortage of drinking water; deforestation; soil erosion; pollution of the coastal zone by chemicals used in farming and factories, and untreated sewage.
72,000 (2012); 67 per cent of people live in urban areas. The population did not grow between the years of 1990 and 2012, due mainly to the emigration of young people. In 2012 the birth rate was 16 per 1,000 people (est. 26 in 1970) and life expectancy was 76 years (est).
The population is mostly of African and mixed African/European descent, with European, Syrian and Carib (2.9 per cent in 2001 census) minorities. There is a Carib reserve on part of the east of the island, referred to as the Carib Territory.
Dominica is classified as an upper-middle-income economy by the World Bank.
Joined Commonwealth: 1978
Population: 72,000 (2012)
GDP per capita growth: 1.8% p.a. 1990–2012
GNI per capita: US$6,440 (2012)
UN HDI 2012 ranking: 72 out of 186 countries
Life expectancy: 76 years (2009)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 13 (2012)
Largest contribution to mortality: Non-communicable diseases
Government health expenditure: 4.2% of GDP (2011)