Health in Dominica

General information

The Commonwealth of Dominica is one of the Windward Islands in the Eastern Caribbean, lying between Guadeloupe to the north and Martinique to the south.

Climate

The climate is subtropical and hot, but cooled by sea breezes, with a rainy season in June-October, when hurricanes may occur. Rainfall is heavy, especially in mountain areas.

Environment

The most significant environmental issues are shortage of drinking water; deforestation; soil erosion; pollution of the coastal zone by chemicals used in farming and factories, and untreated sewage.

Population

72,000 (2012); 67 per cent of people live in urban areas. The population did not grow between the years of 1990 and 2012, due mainly to the emigration of young people. In 2012 the birth rate was 16 per 1,000 people (est. 26 in 1970) and life expectancy was 76 years (est).

The population is mostly of African and mixed African/European descent, with European, Syrian and Carib (2.9 per cent in 2001 census) minorities. There is a Carib reserve on part of the east of the island, referred to as the Carib Territory.

Economy

Dominica is classified as an upper-middle-income economy by the World Bank.

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