Health in Grenada
Grenada consists of the island of Grenada, the most southerly of the Windwards in the Eastern Caribbean, and some of the southern Grenadine islands, the largest of which is Carriacou (33 sq km). Its Caribbean neighbours include St Vincent and the Grenadines (which comprises the more northern Grenadines) and Trinidad and Tobago.
Climate: The tropical climate is especially pleasant in the dry season (February-May) when the trade winds prevail. The rainy season runs from June-December, when hurricanes may occur and in some years – for example, Hurricane Ivan in 2004 – cause extensive damage. The temperature and rainfall vary with altitude, with much heavier rainfall in the mountains.
Population: 105,000 (2011); 39% lives in urban areas; growth0.4% p.a. 1990-2011, depressed over this period by emigration;birth rate 19 per 1,000 people (28 in 1970); life expectancy 76 years (64 in 1970). Most of the population is of African (82%) or mixed African/European (13%) descent (1991 census). The remainder is made up of small European and Asian groups.
Economy: Grenada is classified as an upper-middle-income economy by the World Bank.
Joined Commonwealth: 1974
Population: 105,000 (2011)
GDP per capita growth: 2.9% p.a. 1990–2011
GNI per capita: US$7,350 (2011)
UN HDI 2011 ranking: 67 out of 187 countries
Life expectancy: 76 years (2011)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 13 (2011)
Maternal mortality ratio – adjusted (per 100,000 live births): 24 (2010)
Largest contribution to mortality: Non-communicable diseases
Government health expenditure: 4% of GDP (2010)