Health in St Kitts and Nevis
The two-island country of St Kitts and Nevis lies in the northern part of the Leeward Islands group of the Lesser Antilles in the Eastern Caribbean. The two islands are separated by a channel some 3 km in width.
Tropical, cooled by the north-east trade winds. There is no distinct rainy season. The heat is not searing; the highest recorded temperature is 33°C. Hurricanes may occur between June and November.
54,000 (2012); some 12,000 of whom live on Nevis; 32 per cent of people live in urban areas. The population growth rate stood at 1.2 per cent p.a. between the years of 1990 and 2012. In 2012 the birth rate was 14 per 1,000 people (est 26 in 1970) and life expectancy was 75 years (est).
The population is mainly of mixed African and European descent, with a UK-descended minority.
St Kitts and Nevis is classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank.
Joined Commonwealth: 1983
Population: 54,000 (2012)
GDP per capita growth: 1.9% p.a. 1990–2012
GNI per capita: US$13,610 (2012)
UN HDI 2012 ranking: 72 out of 186 countries
Life expectancy: 74 years (2012)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 9 (2012)
Largest contribution to mortality: Non-communicable diseases
Government health expenditure: 2.5% of GDP (2011)