Child and maternal health in Trinidad and Tobago
Infant mortality in Trinidad and Tobago was 18 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2012, with an under five mortality rate of 21 deaths per 1,000 live births. As shown in Graph 1, there has been a consistent decline in the under-five mortality rate since 1990. Although this decline is encouraging, the under-five mortality rate is not yet in line with the country’s target of 11 deaths per 1,000 live births, as defined by Millennium Development Goal 4 (MDG 4). In 2010, the three most prominent causes of death for children below the age of five years were congenital anomalies (24 per cent), prematurity (16 per cent) and birth asphyxia (12 per cent). Other contributory causes were pneumonia (seven per cent), injuries (six per cent) and neonatal sepsis and HIV/AIDS (both three per cent). In 2010 Trinidad and Tobago had a maternal mortality ratio of 46 deaths per 100,000 live births (an estimate from UN agencies/World Bank).