Communicable diseases in Trinidad and Tobago
Communicable diseases along with maternal, perinatal and nutritional conditions in Trinidad and Tobago accounted for an estimated 12 per cent of all mortality in 2008. The prevalence of HIV in Trinidad and Tobago, as a percentage of population aged 15-49 years, stood at 1.6 per cent in 2012. HIV prevalence in Trinidad and Tobago has risen since 1990, although the rate of its growth decreased in the period 2000-12. Trinidad and Tobago is non-endemic for malaria. The estimated incidence of tuberculosis (TB) doubled in the period 1990-2010, and although the rate decreased from 24 incidences per 100,000 in 2009 people to 19 in 2010, 2012 saw the rate rise back to 24. During the same time the estimated mortality rate (when mortality data excludes cases comorbid with HIV) of the disease saw a slight overall decrease. There were 17 reported cases of leprosy in 2010.