Health in Malta
The Republic of Malta comprises an archipelago of six islands and islets in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, 93 km south of Sicily and 290 km from the coast of North Africa. Malta, Gozo and Comino are inhabited; the other islands are Cominotto, Filfla and St Paul’s Island.
Mediterranean type: hot and dry in July-September, with cooling sea-breezes. Winters are mild and wet, with warm westerly winds.
There are very limited natural freshwater resources and increasing reliance on desalination.
428,000 (2012); population density is among the world’s highest. Some 30,000 people reside on Gozo and Comino, and 95 per cent of people live in urban areas. The population growth rate stood at 0.6 per cent p.a. between the years of 1990 and 2012. In 2012 the birth rate was nine per 1,000 people (17 in 1970) and life expectancy 80 years (70 in 1970). There are no significant ethnic minorities.
Malta is classified as a high-income economy by the World Bank.
Joined Commonwealth: 1964
Population: 428,000 (2012)
GDP per capita growth: 2.4% p.a. 1990–2012
GNI per capita: US$19,760 (2012)
UN HDI 2012 ranking: 32 out of 186 countries
Life expectancy: 80 years (2012)
Under-five mortality rate (per 1,000 live births): 7 (2012)
Largest contribution to mortality: Non-communicable diseases
Government health expenditure: 6% of GDP (2010)