Child and Maternal Health in Australia

The rate of infant mortality in Australia was four deaths per 1,000 live births in 2012, with an under-five mortality rate of five deaths per 1,000 live births – down from nine deaths in 1990 (see Graph 1). In 2010 the two most prominent known causes of death for children below the age of five years were congenital anomalies (24 per cent) and prematurity (20 per cent). Other contributory causes were injuries (eight per cent), birth asphyxia (nine per cent) and pneumonia (three per cent). In 2010, Australia’s maternal mortality ratio was seven deaths per 100,000 live births (estimate by UN agencies/World Bank).